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The land is used for agriculture, for growing forests, for grazing animals, for mining, for installing industries and for construction of houses, roads, railways, etc. For sustainable development and prosperity of any country, the proper and wise use of the land is required. The land use depends on the kind of land, its depth, fertility, water retention capacity, available mineral contents, and means of transportation, etc. The use of land for agriculture depends on soil type, irrigation facilities, and climate.  

In India, about 51.09% of the land is under cultivation, 21.81% under forest and 3.92% under pasture. Built up areas and uncultivated land occupy about 12.34% (Kundra, 1999). About 5.17% of the total land is uncultivated waste, which can be converted into agricultural land. The other types of land comprises up o 4.67%.  

Land Use Classification of India

S. N.

Classification

Area (M-ha)

1.

Total geographical area

328.73

2.

Total cultivated area

184.38

3.

Total gross cropped area

188.15

4.

Net sown area

142.82

5.

Gross irrigated area

70.64

6.

Net irrigated area

53.00

7.

Area under forest

68.39

8.

Uncultivable area

(i)

Area put to non-agricultural uses

22.51

(ii)

Barren land

18.77

(iii)

Permanent pastures and other grazing lands

11.24

(iv)

Cultivable waste

14.21

9.

Fallow land

(i)

Current fallow

13.53

(ii)

Other fallow land

9.77