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Major River Basins of the Country                                  

S. N.

Name of the River

Origin

Length (km)

Catchment Area (sq. km)

States falling in the catchment

1.

Indus

Mansarovar (Tibet)

1,114 +

321,289 +

J&K, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chandigarh UT

2.

a) Ganga

Gangotri

(Uttar Kashi)

2,525 +

861,452 +

Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi UT.

 

b) Brahmaputra

Kailash Range (Tibet)

916 +

194,413 +

Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal, Mizoram and Tripura

 

c) Barak & other rivers flowing into Meghna, like Gomti, Muhari, Fenny etc.

 

 

41,723 +

Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura

3.

Sabarmati

Aravalli Hills (Rajasthan)

371

21,674

Rajasthan and Gujarat

4.

Mahi

Dhar

(Madhya Pradesh)

583

34,842

Rajasthan, MP and Gujarat

5.

Narmada

Amarkantak (Madhya Pradesh)

1,312

98,796

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat

6.

Tapi

Betul

(Madhya Pradesh)

724

65,145

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat

7.

Brahmani

Ranchi

(Bihar)

799

39,033

Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa

8.

Mahanadi

Nazri Town (Madhya Pradesh)

851

141,589

Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Chattisgarh and Orissa

9.

Godavari

Nasik (Maharashtra)

1,465

312,812

Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Pondicherry

10.

Krishna

Mahabaleshwar (Maharashtra)

1,401

258,948

Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

11.

Pennar

Kolar

(Karnataka)

597

55,213

Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka

12.

Cauvery

Coorg (Karnataka)

800

81,155

Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Pondicherry

Total

2,528,084

 

Medium River Basins of India.

S. No.

Name of the River

Village/Distt. (Origin)

State

Length (km)

Catchment Area (sq. km)

West Flowing Rivers

1.

Ozat

Kathiawar

Gujarat

128

3189

2.

Shetrunji

Dalkania

Gujarat

182

5514

3.

Bhadar

Rajkot

Gujarat

198

7094

4.

Aji

Rajkot

Gujarat

106

2139

5.

Dhadhar

Panchmahal

Gujarat

135

2770

6.

Purna

Dhosa

Maharashtra

142

2431

7.

Ambika

Dangs

Maharashtra

142

2715

8.

Vaitarna

Nasik

Maharashtra

171

3637

9.

Dammanganga

Nasik

Maharashtra

143

2357

10.

Ulhas

Raigarh

Maharashtra

145

3864

11.

Savitri

Pune

Maharashtra

99

2899

12.

Sastri

Ratnagiri

Maharashtra

64

2174

13.

Washishthi

Ratnagiri

Maharashtra

48

2239

14.

Mandvi

Belgaum

Karnataka

87

2032

15.

Kalinadi

Belgaum

Karnataka

153

5179

16.

Gangavati or Bedti (in upper reaches)

Dharwar

Karnataka

152

3902

17.

Sharavati

Shimoga

Karnataka

122

2209

18.

Netravati

Dakshina Kannada

Karnataka

103

3657

19.

Chaliar or Baypore

Elamtalvi Hills

Kerala

169

2788

20.

Bharathapuzha (known as Ponnani)

Annamalai Hills

Tamil Nadu

209

6186

21.

Periyar

Sivajini Hills

Kerala

244

5398

22.

Pamba

Devarmalai

Kerala

176

2235

East Flowing Rivers

23.

Burhabalang

Mayurbahanj

Orissa

164

4837

24.

Baitarni

Keonjhar

Orissa

365

12789

25.

Rushikulya

Phulbani

Orissa

146

7753

26.

Bahuda

Ramgirivillage

Orissa

73

1248

27.

Vamsadhara

Kalahandi

Orissa

221

10830

28.

Nagavali

Kalahandi

Orissa

217

9410

29.

Sarda

Vishakhapatnam

Andhra Pradesh

104

2725

30.

Eleru

Vishakhapatnam

Andhra Pradesh

125

3809

31.

Vogarivagu

Guntur

Andhra Pradesh

102

1348

32.

Gundlakamma

Kurnool

Andhra Pradesh

220

8494

33.

Musi

Nellore

Andhra Pradesh

112

2219

34.

Paleru

Nellore

Andhra Pradesh

104

2483

35.

Muneru

Nellore

Andhra Pradesh

122

3734

36.

Swarnamukhi

Koraput

Orissa

130

3225

37.

Kandleru

Vinukonda

Andhra Pradesh

73

3534

38.

Kortalaiyar

Chinglepet

Tamil Nadu

131

3521

39.

Palar (including tributary Cheyyar)

Kolar

Karnataka

348

17871

40.

Varahandi

North Arcot

Tamil Nadu

94

3044

41.

Ponnaiyar

Kolar

Karnataka

396

14130

42.

Vellar

Chithri Hills

Tamil Nadu

193

8558

43.

Vaigai

Madurai

Tamil Nadu

258

7031

44.

Pambar

Madurai

Tamil Nadu

125

3104

45.

Gundar

Madurai

Tamil Nadu

146

5647

46.

Vaippar

Tirunolvolli

Tamil Nadu

130

5288

47.

Tambraparni

Tirunolvolli

Tamil Nadu

130

5969

48.

Subarnarekha

Nagri/Ranchi

Bihar

395

19296

 

Total

248505